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Though it was also originally one of the seven Saxon towns of Transylvania (Klausenburg), Cluj-Napoca doesn’t have much to show for its Germanic heritage. It was rather in the 19th century, during the (Austro-)Hungarian period (when it was known as Kolozsvár), that the city experienced rapid growth: from 19,000 in 1850 to 51,000 in 1900. (I got this information from Wikipedia, but the whole story is quite complicated and involves rather a lot of conflicts between the various ethnicities living in the city. Hungarians were a majority in Cluj until the 1960’s, and that they still form a considerable minority of about 50,000 today. The university is even bilingual Romanian-Hungarian.) And as you will see in this post, it is also this period that is most visible in the architecture of central Cluj.
Click on the image below to view this post as a full-screen slideshow.
Piața Avram Iancu is a park-like open space that covers few blocks (the whole width of the centre) in the middle of the city. It contains three monumental buildings:
In the next post, I will show you the small streets of Cluj-Napoca’s old town.This entry was posted in Cluj County, Cluj-Napoca, Romania